The Dolmabahce Palace holds a special place in the hearts of the Turkish people and society. This palace was built in between 1843 and 1856 and was ordered by Sultan Abdulmecit. Hacı Said Aga was responsible for the construction works, while the project was realized by architects Garabet Balyan, his son Nikoghayos Balyan and Evanis Kalfa. The architecture contains elements from the Baroque, Rococo and Neoclassical styles, blended with traditional Ottoman architecture to create a new synthesis. Dolmabahçe Palace was home to six Sultans from 1856, when it was first inhabited, up until the abolition of the Caliphate in 1924. A law that went into effect on March 3, 1924 transferred the ownership of the palace to the national heritage of the new Turkish Republic. Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the founder and first President of the Republic of Turkey, used the palace as a presidential residence during the summers and enacted some of his most important works here. Ataturk spent the last days of his medical treatment in this palace, where he died on November 10, 1938. Dolmabahce Palace has 365 rooms and 22 saloons and the palace is famous for its large collection of European antiques, furniture, crystals and a chandelier which weighs at 4.5 tonnes.