Australia is one of the most unique and diverse countries on planet earth. Australia was first settled by the indigenous tribes who were the sole owners of this vast continent. Later during the nineteenth century, European immigrants arrived along with many captive prisoners. Australia is the most sparsely populated country and most of the population is concentrated along the glamorous east coast cities of Canberra, Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane. Australia’s western half and central region is full of desert and outback. Initially after the advent of Europeans many aborigine tribes lost their lands and rights to the Europeans and their numbers also declined due to European introduced diseases and armed clashes. Europeans settlers formed provinces, initially six which later joined to become a one country- Australia. This is a highly developed country with very high quality of life. Australia has large areas that have been deforested for agricultural purposes, but many native forest areas survive in extensive national parks and other undeveloped areas. Long-term Australian concerns include salinity, pollution, loss of biodiversity, and management and conservation of coastal areas, especially the Great Barrier Reef.
This is a country full of passionate people who excel in arts and music, sports, science and technology and whatever they do. Australia is also a very sporting nation where sports are way of life. Australian Rules football and cricket is very popular. Recently with the success of Australian Soccer team, football is widely followed and admired. Rugby remains a very popular sports and Australia is full of swimmers who always make the country proud during the Olympics. The service industries, including tourism, education, and financial services, account for the majority of the Australian Gross Domestic Product. Within the service sector, tourism is one of the most important industries in Australia, as it provides employment, contributes $73 billion to the economy each year and accounts for at least 11% of total exports. Australia is also blessed with a long coastline and beaches play an important role in the life of locals. Every weekends and holidays, large numbers of locals hit the beaches and enjoy life.
Things to do in Australia
Melbourne Aquarium Tour
The Melbourne Aquarium is one of the premier attractions of Melbourne city. This giant aquarium has around 2.2 million liters of water in a huge oceanarium and filled with amazing marine biology. Enjoy four amazing worlds – Antarctica, Weird and Wonderful, River to Reef and Sharks Alive. See the amazing King penguins and Gentoo Penguins. Discover many other interesting and unique marine species like Jellies, sting rays, seahorses and sharks. See the amazing daily animal feeds and diver presentations. The Melbourne Aquarium will offer you a great time
Blue Mountain Explorer Tour
Explore the wonders of the Blue Mountains National Park with this hop on –hop off tour bus. You will visit scenic Blue Mountains and will explore its attractions. The tour will include 13 stops at important points of the Blue Mountains. Go for a bush walk or see the famous waterfalls. Try a ride in the world’s steepest railway line the Katoomba Railways. See the lush green vegetation, rock walls and flora and fauna of Blue Mountains. You can also visit the Echo Point and see rock formations like Three Sisters. Learn about the aboriginal legends associated with the rock formations. Enjoy a visit to the Toy and Railway Museum and the everglades Gardens. See the beautiful Leura Village and enjoy the nature at its best.
Adventure in Crocosaurus Cove
Visit the Crocosaurus Cove and enjoy an encounter with the crocodiles. See the Northern Territory saltwater crocodiles in their natural habitat. Enjoy adventure here by entering the Cage of Death, a transparent glass cage and swim with the Australia’s largest saltwater crocodiles. See the crocodiles swimming and swarming all around you. Enjoy the thrill of seeing the crocodiles so close and after this find out in detail about the various reptiles of Australia including the most venomous snakes on earth. Have a great time in the Crocosaurus Cove and do check out the official souvenir shops to have some memorabilia and gifts
Sydney Opera House Essential Tour
Sydney Opera House is a well renowned opera house which boast of its rich cultural heritage and top quality theater and cultural productions. This building is also an architectural wonder in our world. The opera has witnessed great theater personalities, concerts and performances by top notch artists. The Essential tour will provide you with a glimpse of the Opera House’s brilliant Architectural design, its controversies, its glorious past and its rich traditions. The opera was designed by Jorn Utzon, a Danish architect nearly 60 years ago and is considered as an iconic building in terms of architectural design and concept. The tour is centered mostly on the accomplishment of Jorn Utzon highlighting his achievements and creativity.
Warner Bros Movie World Tour
Visit the Warner Bros Movie World a premier entertainment zone and a popular attraction of Gold Coast. Enjoy a great time here and see various popular cartoon characters, enjoy various fun activities and enjoy various thrilling rides that will provide you edge of the seat thrill. The theme park contains some amazing thrilling rides and activities and here you will see various popular costumed characters moving around the park. You have the choice of exploring the theme parks by choosing any one of the three attractive passes. The 1 Day Pass will allow you to enjoy in the Warner Bros Movie World for one full day. The Escape Pass will provide you access to any two of the three theme parks namely - Sea World, Warner Bros Movie World and Wet n Wild Water World. The Super Pass Unlimited gives you an amazing opportunity to enjoy all three theme parks for a period of full 14 days.
Australia is a large continent and a wide variation of climates is found. Most of the country receives more than 3,000 hours of sunshine a year. Generally, the north is hot and tropical, while south tends to sub-tropical and temperate. Most rainfall is around the coast, and much of the centre is arid and semi-arid. The daytime maximum temperatures in Darwin rarely drop below 30°C, even in winter, while night temperatures in winter usually hover around 15-20°C . Temperatures in some southern regions can drop below freezing in winter and the Snowy Mountains in the South East experiences metres of winter snow. Parts of Tasmania have a temperature range very similar to England. As Australia is in the southern hemisphere the winter is June-August while December-February is summer. The winter is the dry season in the tropics, and the summer is the wet. In the southern parts of the country, the seasonal temperature variation is greater. The rainfall is more evenly distributed throughout the year in the southern parts of the East Coast, while in the rest of the south beyond the Great Dividing Range; the summers are dry with the bulk of the rainfall occurring in winter.
The food of Indigenous Australians was largely influenced by the area in which they lived. Most tribal groups subsisted on a simple hunter-gatherer diet, hunting native game and fish and collecting native plants and fruit. The general term for native Australian flora and fauna used as a source of food is bush tucker. The first settlers introduced British food to the continent which much of what is now considered typical Australian food is based on the Sunday roast has become an enduring tradition for many Australians. Since the beginning of the 20th century, food in Australia has increasingly been influenced by immigrants to the nation, particularly from Southern European and Asian cultures. Australian wine is produced in 60 distinct production areas totalling approximately 160,000 hectares, mainly in the southern, cooler parts of the country. The wine regions in each of these states produce different wine varieties and styles that take advantage of local climates and soil types. The predominant varieties are Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Merlot, Semillon, Pinot noir, Riesling, and Sauvignon Blanc. In 1995, an Australian red wine, Penfolds Grange, won the Wine Spectator award for Wine of the Year, the first time a wine from outside France or California achieved this distinction.
Best Time to Visit
The northern states are best visited during the winters, from July to September while the summer months are ideal for visiting the southern states. On the whole, September and October are the best, when it is neither too hot nor too cold. Australia is located in the Southern Hemisphere and hence the winter lasts from May to August while November to March is summer months. The general climate is dry and pleasant and visitors flock to Australia round the year. Europeans and visitors from western countries prefer to spend their winter holidays i.e. a vacation over Christmas and New Year at Australia. The warm sun kissed beaches are just right for getting the perfect tan. However a variation in climatic conditions makes various times of the year suitable for visiting specific regions within Australia.
How to Reach
By Air: International travellers arrive first in Australia in Sydney, the largest city. After Sydney, significant numbers of travellers also arrive in Melbourne, Brisbane and Perth. Direct International flights are also available in Adelaide, Cairns, Darwin, the Gold Coast and Christmas Island. Regular low coast regional carriers from Asia and New Zealand connect various Australian metropolitan cities. Sydney it is a 3 hour flight from New Zealand, a 7-11 hour flight from countries in Asia, a 14 hour flight from the west of the United States of America and Canada, a 14 hour flight from Johannesburg, South Africa, a 13-16 hours flight from South America, and up to a 24+ hour flight from Western Europe. On account of long journey times from some destinations, some travellers from Europe opt to have a stop-over, commonly in Singapore, Hong Kong, Dubai, Bangkok or Kuala Lumpur.